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Political Cooperation

 

Political Cooperation

For more information about the history of Qatar and its cultural and artistic heritage it is possible to visit the website created by Carnegie Mellon Qatar Campus and Virginia Commonwealth University in Qatar, with the help of the UNESCO Office in Doha.


The bilateral relations between Italy and Qatar are excellent.


The State visit of H.H. Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani to Italy in July 2005 and the State visit of H.E. the President of the Italian Republic Giorgio Napolitano to Qatar (November 2007) contributed to strengthening them further, according to the Qatari policy of diversification of foreign partners beyond the special relationship with the USA.


In this framework, Italy's stance on the peace process in the Middle East and its continuous stress on the important ownership for reforms and democracy in the Arab world, are highly appreciated by the Qatari Authorities. A common vision between Italy and Qatar has been always registered in all the main regional topics. The support of Qatar for the candidates presented by Italy to international position during the past years has been constant and continuous.

 

INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE, POPULATION AND SOCIAL INDICATORS

  • LAND AREA: 11.437 Kmq
  • STATE FORM: Constitutional Monarchy
  • CAPITAL: Doha
  • OTHER CITIES: Al Khor, Dukhan, Al Wakrah, Ar Rayyan, Umm Said (Mesaieed)
  • OFFICIAL NAME: Dawlat Qatar
  • HEAD OF STATE: Emir H.H. Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (since 2013)
  • PRIME MINISTER: Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani (also Minister of Interior)
  • MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS: Dr Khaled bin Mohammed Al Attiyah
  • LEGISLATIVE POWER: the new constitution, approved in June 2004 and entered into force in June 2005, gives the legislative power to the future Parliament (made of 45 members, 30 of whom elected by universal suffrage). The Emir keeps a partial right of veto on the promulgation of laws.
  • LEGAL SYSTEM: Based on the constitution approved in June 2005.
  • VOTE: Universal suffrage starting from 18 years old.
  • MAIN POLITICAL PARTIES: So far no political parties are admitted
  • QATAR MEMBERSHIP IN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS: ABEDA, ACC, AFESD, AMF, FAO,G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTOO, WTO.
  • POPULATION: more than 2 million residents (2013)
  • EXPECTED LIFE FROM BIRTH: 72 years for men; 77 years for women
  • ETHNIC STRUCTURE: Qatari (15%); Other Arabs (21%); Indians (19%); Pakistani (19%); Iranians (11%); Others (15%). The law on citizenship is extremely restrictive.
  • RELIGION: Muslims 75%; Others 25% (Christians and Hindus). Islam is the official Religion of the country. The great majority of population is Sunni.
  • LANGUAGE: Arabic is the official language of the country; English is widely used as second language.

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